Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)

Retirement Plans

v2.4.0.6
Retirement Plans
12 Months Ended
Jan. 28, 2012
Pension and Other Postretirement Benefit Expense [Abstract]  
Retirement Plans
Retirement Plans
The Company has a funded defined benefit plan (“Pension Plan”) and a defined contribution plan (“Retirement Plan”) which cover substantially all employees who work 1,000 hours or more in a year. Effective January 1, 2012, the Pension Plan was closed to new participants, with limited exceptions. In addition, the Company has an unfunded defined benefit supplementary retirement plan (“SERP”), which provides benefits, for certain employees, in excess of qualified plan limitations. Effective January 2, 2012, the SERP was closed to new participants.
Pension Plan
The following provides a reconciliation of benefit obligations, plan assets, and funded status of the Pension Plan as of January 28, 2012 and January 29, 2011:
 
 
2011
 
2010
 
(millions)
Change in projected benefit obligation
 
 
 
Projected benefit obligation, beginning of year
$
3,024

 
$
2,879

Service cost
102

 
99

Interest cost
160

 
158

Actuarial loss
375

 
103

Benefits paid
(203
)
 
(215
)
Projected benefit obligation, end of year
$
3,458

 
$
3,024

Changes in plan assets
 
 
 
Fair value of plan assets, beginning of year
$
2,804

 
$
1,865

Actual return on plan assets
93

 
329

Company contributions
375

 
825

Benefits paid
(203
)
 
(215
)
Fair value of plan assets, end of year
$
3,069

 
$
2,804

Funded status at end of year
$
(389
)
 
$
(220
)
Amounts recognized in the Consolidated Balance Sheets at
January 28, 2012 and January 29, 2011
 
 
 
Other liabilities
$
(389
)
 
$
(220
)
Amounts recognized in accumulated other comprehensive (income) loss at January 28, 2012 and January 29, 2011
 
 
 
Net actuarial loss
$
1,558

 
$
1,116

Prior service credit
(1
)
 
(2
)
 
$
1,557

 
$
1,114



The accumulated benefit obligation for the Pension Plan was $3,178 million as of January 28, 2012 and $2,791 million as of January 29, 2011.
Net pension costs and other amounts recognized in other comprehensive income for the Pension Plan included the following actuarially determined components:
 
 
2011
 
2010
 
2009
 
(millions)
Net Periodic Pension Cost
 
 
 
 
 
Service cost
$
102

 
$
99

 
$
81

Interest cost
160

 
158

 
173

Expected return on assets
(248
)
 
(218
)
 
(187
)
Amortization of net actuarial loss
88

 
61

 

Amortization of prior service credit
(1
)
 
(1
)
 
(1
)
 
101

 
99

 
66

Other Changes in Plan Assets and Projected Benefit Obligation
Recognized in Other Comprehensive Income
 
 
 
 
 
Net actuarial (gain) loss
530

 
(9
)
 
311

Amortization of net actuarial loss
(88
)
 
(61
)
 

Amortization of prior service credit
1

 
1

 
1

 
443

 
(69
)
 
312

Total recognized in net periodic pension cost and
other comprehensive income
$
544

 
$
30

 
$
378


The estimated net actuarial loss and prior service credit for the Pension Plan that will be amortized from accumulated other comprehensive (income) loss into net periodic benefit cost during 2012 are $139 million and $(1) million, respectively.
As permitted under ASC Subtopic 715-30, “Defined Benefit Plans – Pension,” the amortization of any prior service cost is determined using a straight-line amortization of the cost over the average remaining service period of employees expected to receive the benefits under the Pension Plan.
The following weighted average assumptions were used to determine the projected benefit obligations for the Pension Plan at January 28, 2012 and January 29, 2011:
 
 
2011
 
2010
Discount rate
4.65
%
 
5.40
%
Rate of compensation increases
4.50
%
 
4.50
%


The following weighted average assumptions were used to determine the net periodic pension cost for the Pension Plan:
 
 
2011
 
2010
 
2009
Discount rate
5.40
%
 
5.65
%
 
7.45
%
Expected long-term return on plan assets
8.00
%
 
8.75
%
 
8.75
%
Rate of compensation increases
4.50
%
 
4.50
%
 
5.40
%


The Pension Plan’s assumptions are evaluated annually and updated as necessary.
The discount rate used to determine the present value of the projected benefit obligation for the Pension Plan is based on a yield curve constructed from a portfolio of high quality corporate debt securities with various maturities. Each year’s expected future benefit payments are discounted to their present value at the appropriate yield curve rate, thereby generating the overall discount rate for the projected benefit obligation.
The Company develops its expected long-term rate of return on plan asset assumption by evaluating input from several professional advisors taking into account the asset allocation of the portfolio and long-term asset class return expectations, as well as long-term inflation assumptions. Expected returns for each major asset class are considered along with their volatility and the expected correlations among them. These expectations are based upon historical relationships as well as forecasts of how future returns may vary from historical returns. Returns by asset class and correlations among asset classes are combined using the target asset allocation to derive an expected return for the portfolio as a whole. Long-term historical returns of the portfolio are also considered. Portfolio returns are calculated net of all expenses, therefore, the Company also analyzes expected costs and expenses, including investment management fees, administrative expenses, Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation premiums and other costs and expenses.
The Company develops its rate of compensation increase assumption on an age-graded basis based on recent experience and reflects an estimate of future compensation levels taking into account general increase levels, seniority, promotions and other factors. The salary increase assumption is used to project employees’ pay in future years and its impact on the projected benefit obligation for the Pension Plan.
The assets of the Pension Plan are managed by investment specialists with the primary objectives of payment of benefit obligations to Plan participants and an ultimate realization of investment returns over longer periods in excess of inflation. The Company employs a total return investment approach whereby a mix of domestic and foreign equity securities, fixed income securities and other investments is used to maximize the long-term return on the assets of the Pension Plan for a prudent level of risk. Risks are mitigated through the asset diversification and the use of multiple investment managers. The target allocation for plan assets is currently 55% equity securities, 30% debt securities, 10% real estate and 5% private equities.
The Company generally employs investment managers to specialize in a specific asset class. These managers are chosen and monitored with the assistance of professional advisors, using criteria that include organizational structure, investment philosophy, investment process, performance compared to market benchmarks and peer groups.
The Company periodically conducts an analysis of the behavior of the Pension Plan’s assets and liabilities under various economic and interest rate scenarios to ensure that the long-term target asset allocation is appropriate given the liabilities.
The fair values of the Pension Plan assets as of January 28, 2012, excluding interest and dividend receivables and pending investment purchases and sales, by asset category are as follows:
 
 
Fair Value Measurements
 
Total
 
Quoted Prices in
Active Markets for
Identical Assets
(Level 1)
 
Significant
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
 
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
 
(millions)
Cash and cash equivalents
$
240

 
$

 
$
240

 
$

Equity securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. 
805

 
251

 
554

 

International
648

 

 
648

 

Fixed income securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U. S. Treasury bonds
128

 

 
128

 

Other Government bonds
31

 

 
31

 

Agency backed bonds
5

 

 
5

 

Corporate bonds
310

 

 
310

 

Mortgage-backed securities and forwards
112

 

 
112

 

Asset-backed securities
21

 

 
21

 

Pooled funds
266

 

 
266

 

Other types of investments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real estate
228

 

 

 
228

Hedge funds
143

 

 

 
143

Private equity
162

 

 

 
162

Total
$
3,099

 
$
251

 
$
2,315

 
$
533


The fair values of the Pension Plan assets as of January 29, 2011, excluding interest and dividend receivables and pending investment purchases and sales, by asset category are as follows:
 
 
Fair Value Measurements
 
Total
 
Quoted Prices in
Active Markets for
Identical Assets
(Level 1)
 
Significant
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
 
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
 
(millions)
Cash and cash equivalents
$
381

 
$

 
$
381

 
$

Equity securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. 
814

 
238

 
576

 

International
517

 

 
517

 

Fixed income securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U. S. Treasury bonds
54

 

 
54

 

Other Government bonds
28

 

 
28

 

Agency backed bonds
11

 

 
11

 

Corporate bonds
267

 

 
267

 

Mortgage-backed securities and forwards
107

 

 
107

 

Asset-backed securities
19

 

 
19

 

Pooled funds
180

 

 
180

 

Other types of investments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real estate
201

 

 

 
201

Hedge funds
143

 

 

 
143

Private equity
144

 

 

 
144

Total
$
2,866

 
$
238

 
$
2,140

 
$
488


Corporate bonds consist primarily of investment grade bonds of U.S. issuers from diverse industries.
The fair value of the real estate, hedge funds and private equity investments represents the reported net asset value of shares or underlying assets of the investment. Private equity and real estate investments are valued using fair values per the most recent financial reports provided by the investment sponsor, adjusted as appropriate for any lag between the date of the financial reports and the Company’s reporting date. The real estate investments are diversified across property types and geographical areas primarily in the United States of America. Private equity investments generally consist of limited partnerships in the United States of America, Europe and Asia. The hedge fund investments are through a fund of funds approach.
Due to the nature of the underlying assets of the real estate, hedge funds and private equity investments, changes in market conditions and the economic environment may significantly impact the net asset value of these investments and, consequently, the fair value of the Pension Plan’s investments. These investments are redeemable at net asset value to the extent provided in the documentation governing the investments. However, these redemption rights may be restricted in accordance with the governing documents. Redemption of these investments is subject to restrictions including lock-up periods where no redemptions are allowed, restrictions on redemption frequency and advance notice periods for redemptions. As of January 28, 2012 and January 29, 2011, certain of these investments are generally subject to lock-up periods, ranging from three to fifteen years, certain of these investments are subject to restrictions on redemption frequency, ranging from daily to twice per year, and certain of these investments are subject to advance notice requirements, ranging from sixty-day notification to ninety-day notification. As of January 28, 2012 and January 29, 2011, the Pension Plan had unfunded commitments related to certain of these investments totaling approximately $109 million and $133 million, respectively.
The following table sets forth a summary of changes in fair value of the Pension Plan’s level 3 assets for 2011 and 2010:
 
 
2011
 
2010
 
(millions)
Balance, beginning of year
$
488

 
$
413

Actual gain on plan assets:
 
 
 
Relating to assets still held at the reporting date
9

 
28

Relating to assets sold during the period
22

 
18

Purchases
48

 
69

Sales
(34
)
 
(40
)
Balance, end of year
$
533

 
$
488



During 2011 and 2010, the Company made funding contributions to the Pension Plan totaling approximately $375 million and $825 million, respectively. The Company is currently planning to make a funding contribution to the Pension Plan of approximately $150 million in 2012.
The following benefit payments are estimated to be paid from the Pension Plan:
 
 
(millions)
Fiscal year:
 
2012
$
251

2013
244

2014
244

2015
245

2016
254

2017-2021
1,292



Supplementary Retirement Plan
The following provides a reconciliation of benefit obligations, plan assets and funded status of the supplementary retirement plan as of January 28, 2012 and January 29, 2011:
 
 
2011
 
2010
 
(millions)
Change in projected benefit obligation
 
 
 
Projected benefit obligation, beginning of year
$
688

 
$
680

Service cost
6

 
6

Interest cost
36

 
37

Actuarial loss
90

 
22

Benefits paid
(49
)
 
(57
)
Projected benefit obligation, end of year
$
771

 
$
688

Change in plan assets
 
 
 
Fair value of plan assets, beginning of year
$

 
$

Company contributions
49

 
57

Benefits paid
(49
)
 
(57
)
Fair value of plan assets, end of year

 

Funded status at end of year
$
(771
)
 
$
(688
)
Amounts recognized in the Consolidated Balance Sheets at
January 28, 2012 and January 29, 2011
 
 
 
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
$
(55
)
 
$
(52
)
Other liabilities
(716
)
 
(636
)
 
$
(771
)
 
$
(688
)
Amounts recognized in accumulated other comprehensive (income) loss at January 28, 2012 and January 29, 2011
 
 
 
Net actuarial loss
$
195

 
$
113

Prior service credit
(1
)
 
(2
)
 
$
194

 
$
111



The accumulated benefit obligation for the supplementary retirement plan was $739 million as of January 28, 2012 and $645 million as of January 29, 2011.
Net pension costs and other amounts recognized in other comprehensive income for the supplementary retirement plan included the following actuarially determined components:
 
 
2011
 
2010
 
2009
 
(millions)
Net Periodic Pension Cost
 
 
 
 
 
Service cost
$
6

 
$
6

 
$
4

Interest cost
36

 
37

 
42

Amortization of net actuarial loss
8

 
3

 

Amortization of prior service credit
(1
)
 
(1
)
 
(2
)
 
49

 
45

 
44

Other Changes in Plan Assets and Projected Benefit Obligation
Recognized in Other Comprehensive Income
 
 
 
 
 
Net actuarial (gain) loss
90

 
22

 
113

Amortization of net actuarial loss
(8
)
 
(3
)
 

Amortization of prior service credit
1

 
1

 
2

 
83

 
20

 
115

Total recognized in net periodic pension cost and
other comprehensive income
$
132

 
$
65

 
$
159


The estimated net actuarial loss and prior service credit for the supplementary retirement plan that will be amortized from accumulated other comprehensive (income) loss into net periodic benefit cost during 2012 are $16 million and $(1) million, respectively.
As permitted under ASC Subtopic 715-30, “Defined Benefit Plans – Pension,” the amortization of any prior service cost is determined using a straight-line amortization of the cost over the average remaining service period of employees expected to receive the benefits under the plans.
The following weighted average assumptions were used to determine the projected benefit obligations for the supplementary retirement plan at January 28, 2012 and January 29, 2011:
 
 
2011
 
2010
Discount rate
4.65
%
 
5.40
%
Rate of compensation increases
4.90
%
 
4.90
%


The following weighted average assumptions were used to determine net pension costs for the supplementary retirement plan:
 
 
2011
 
2010
 
2009
Discount rate
5.40
%
 
5.65
%
 
7.45
%
Rate of compensation increases
4.90
%
 
4.90
%
 
7.20
%

The supplementary retirement plan’s assumptions are evaluated annually and updated as necessary.
The discount rate used to determine the present value of the projected benefit obligation for the supplementary retirement plan is based on a yield curve constructed from a portfolio of high quality corporate debt securities with various maturities. Each year’s expected future benefit payments are discounted to their present value at the appropriate yield curve rate, thereby generating the overall discount rate for the projected benefit obligation.
The Company develops its rate of compensation increase assumption on an age-graded basis based on recent experience and reflects an estimate of future compensation levels taking into account general increase levels, seniority, promotions and other factors. The salary increase assumption is used to project employees’ pay in future years and its impact on the projected benefit obligation for the supplementary retirement plan.
The following benefit payments are estimated to be funded by the Company and paid from the supplementary retirement plan:
 
 
(millions)
Fiscal year:
 
2012
$
55

2013
57

2014
59

2015
59

2016
62

2017-2021
272



Retirement Plan
The Retirement Plan includes a voluntary savings feature for eligible employees. The Company’s contribution is based on a stated matching contribution rate based on an employee’s eligible savings. The matching contribution rate is higher for those employees not eligible for the Pension Plan than for employees eligible for the Pension Plan. Expense for the Retirement Plan amounted to $10 million for 2011, $9 million for 2010 and $9 million for 2009.
Deferred Compensation Plan
The Company has a deferred compensation plan wherein eligible executives may elect to defer a portion of their compensation each year as either stock credits or cash credits. The Company transfers shares to a trust to cover the number management estimates will be needed for distribution on account of stock credits currently outstanding. At January 28, 2012 and January 29, 2011, the liability under the plan, which is reflected in other liabilities on the Consolidated Balance Sheets, was $45 million and $46 million, respectively. Expense for 2011, 2010 and 2009 was immaterial.