|6 Months Ended|
Jul. 31, 2021
|Revenue From Contract With Customer [Abstract]|
Revenue is recognized when customers obtain control of goods and services promised by the Company. The amount of revenue recognized is based on the amount that reflects the consideration that is expected to be received in exchange for those respective goods and services. The Company's revenue generating activities include the following:
Retail sales include merchandise sales, inclusive of delivery income, licensed department income, sales of private brand goods directly to third party retailers and sales of excess inventory to third parties. Sales of merchandise are recorded at the time of shipment to the customer and are reported net of estimated merchandise returns and certain customer incentives. Commissions earned on sales generated by licensed departments are included as a component of total net sales and are recognized as revenue at the time merchandise is sold to customers. Service revenues (e.g., alteration and cosmetic services) are recorded at the time the customer receives the benefit of the service. The Company has elected to present sales taxes on a net basis and, as such, sales taxes are included in accounts payable and accrued liabilities until remitted to the taxing authorities.
Macy’s accounted for 88% and 89% of the Company’s net sales for the 13 weeks ended July 31, 2021 and August 1, 2020, respectively. Macy’s accounted for 88% of the Company’s net sales for each of the 26 weeks ended July 31, 2021 and August 1, 2020. In addition, digital sales accounted for approximately 32% and 54% of the Company’s net sales for the 13 weeks ended July 31, 2021and August 1, 2020, respectively, and 34% and 49% of the Company’s net sales for the 26 weeks ended July 31, 2021 and August 1, 2020, respectively.
Disaggregation of the Company's net sales by family of business for the 13 and 26 weeks ended July 31, 2021 and August 1, 2020 were as follows:
The Company estimates merchandise returns using historical data and recognizes an allowance that reduces net sales and cost of sales. The liability for merchandise returns is included in accounts payable and accrued liabilities on the Company's Consolidated Balance Sheets and was $196 million, $159 million and $140 million as of July 31, 2021, January 30, 2021 and August 1, 2020, respectively. Included in prepaid expenses and other current assets is an asset totaling $115 million, $103 million and $114 million as of July 31, 2021, January 30, 2021 and August 1, 2020, respectively, for the recoverable cost of merchandise estimated to be returned by customers.
Gift Cards and Customer Loyalty Programs
The Company only offers no-fee, non-expiring gift cards to its customers. At the time gift cards are sold or issued, no revenue is recognized; rather, the Company records an accrued liability to customers. The liability is relieved and revenue is recognized equal to the amount redeemed at the time gift cards are redeemed for merchandise. The Company records revenue from unredeemed gift cards (breakage) in net sales on a pro-rata basis over the time period gift cards are actually redeemed. At least three years of historical data, updated annually, is used to determine actual redemption patterns.
The Company maintains customer loyalty programs in which customers earn points based on their purchases. Under the Macy’s Star Rewards loyalty program, points are earned based on customers’ spending on Macy’s private label and co-branded credit cards as well as non-proprietary cards and other forms of tender. The Company’s Bloomingdale’s Loyallist and bluemercury BlueRewards programs provide tender neutral points-based programs to their customers. The Company recognizes the estimated net amount of the rewards that will be earned and redeemed as a reduction to net sales at the time of the initial transaction and as tender when the points are subsequently redeemed by a customer.
The liability for unredeemed gift cards and customer loyalty programs is included in accounts payable and accrued liabilities on the Company's Consolidated Balance Sheets and was $547 million, $616 million and $675 million as of July 31, 2021, January 30, 2021 and August 1, 2020, respectively.
Credit Card Revenues, net
In 2005, the Company entered into an arrangement with Citibank, N.A. ("Citibank") to sell the Company's private label and co-branded credit cards ("Credit Card Program"). Subsequent to this initial arrangement and associated amendments, in 2014, the Company entered into an amended and restated Credit Card Program Agreement (the "Program Agreement") with Citibank. As part of the Program Agreement, the Company receives payments for providing a combination of interrelated services and intellectual property to Citibank in support of the underlying Credit Card Program. Revenue based on the spending activity of the underlying accounts is recognized as the respective card purchases occur and the Company’s profit share is recognized based on the performance of the underlying portfolio. Revenue associated with the establishment of new credit accounts and assisting in the receipt of payments for existing accounts is recognized as such activities occur. Credit card revenues include finance charges, late fees and other revenue generated by the Company’s Credit Card Program, net of fraud losses and expenses associated with establishing new accounts.
Under the terms of the Program Agreement, if sales decrease by more than 34% over a twelve-month period as compared to the Benchmark Year, defined as the twelve-month period from July 2006 to June 2007 in the Program Agreement, Citibank has the ability to provide written notice to terminate the agreement prior to the end of its current term. Based on the results for the Company’s February 2021 fiscal period, sales for the twelve-month period ended February 27, 2021 decreased by more than 34% as compared to the Benchmark Year. On June 4, 2021, the Company received a written notice of termination of the Program Agreement from Citibank. The Company is evaluating options for its Credit Card Program including potential transfer to another financial service entity or modified arrangement with Citibank. Upon receipt of the written notice of termination, the Company has six months to exercise, or not exercise, an option to purchase the assets of the Program Agreement, or nominate a third party to purchase such assets, and a subsequent six month period to complete such transfer, subject to potential extensions as more fully described in the Program Agreement. The Company and Citibank are required to continue to meet their respective obligations and provide support pursuant to the terms of the Program Agreement through this period. The Company estimates that these events will not have an impact on the financial results of the Credit Card Program in fiscal 2021. The Company is currently unable to estimate the impact beyond fiscal 2021 this termination event or transfer might have on the Program Agreement or on the Company’s future financial results.
The entire disclosure of revenue from contract with customer to transfer good or service and to transfer nonfinancial asset. Includes, but is not limited to, disaggregation of revenue, credit loss recognized from contract with customer, judgment and change in judgment related to contract with customer, and asset recognized from cost incurred to obtain or fulfill contract with customer. Excludes insurance and lease contracts.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/disclosureRef